A week before the start of Black History Month, Seaway Bank, Chicago’s largest black-owned bank was sold to State Bank of Texas of Dallas. At the time of this acquisition, Seaway was no longer black-owned.
The bank, which had 10 locations in total, was forced to close after being hit hard by the housing crash. During this time, many homes on the Southside of Chicago plunged in value, making it difficult for some families to afford their mortgage.
In September 2016, Chicago Business reported the housing market fall in Chicago between 2006-2012, in which the home prices fell 35 percent. Over the past four years, the same market has only recovered 10 percent of its value, a hit that Seaway was unable to survive.
Before The State Bank of Texas of Dallas made the acquisition, Seaway had approximately, $361.2 million in total assets and $307 million in total deposits. The number was enough to significantly impact the African-American community over time. Had it survived.
Despite being heavily involved in last year’s #BankBlack movement, the bank struggled to secure new funders within the black community. Thus, ultimately taking over $500,000 million dollars directly from the Black community.
But here’s why we should be concerned by the demise of such an important black-owned bank.
Big banks are less likely than black-owned banks to approve mortgage applications for blacks than other racial groups. In fact, a Time article written last year shows that the approved mortgage applications for African Americans are only 5.3 percent, down from 7.8 percent in 2007. Without approval on mortgages, it makes it tough for blacks to own property within their own community. It also makes it much more difficult for the community to rebuild new schools, stores, and other black-owned spaces needed to propel the community forward.
Black-owned banks are more likely to be in urban communities. They are also more likely to hire black employees and to support and lend money to help start black-owned businesses.
Seaway Bank was no different. It was established in 1965 to counter discriminatory lending practices and was once recognized as one of the largest minority-owned banks, employing over 200 people. Since the 60’s, it was a staple on the Southside of Chicago nestled along 87th Street.
In an interview with Ndigo, the article reports that in 1965, Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. made a deposit at Seaway in the name of his organization, the Southern Christian Leadership Conference. The bank had a lot of history in our community.
Today, reportedly over 30 percent of African Americans live without a bank account or are considered under-banked. This in itself is another challenge that makes it difficult to retain black wealth.
In 2017, there are approximately 20 banks owned by African-Americans (out of nearly 6,000 total) , or about 0.4 percent. This number is astronomically lower than the amount of black Americans living in this country. And if we want our dollars to stay within our community, we can no longer afford for assets such as Seaway Bank to slip through the cracks unnoticed.
Just five years ago, Seaway acquired Legacy Bank in Milwaukee, which was also forced to close by regulators after the financial crisis. Legacy was originally founded in 1999, when three black women attained a charter and raised $5 million in capital.
Yet, upon closing, Seaway’s story received relatively low coverage from black media.