Micronutrient Deficiencies in ADHD: A Global Research Consensus

Summary: Mineral deficiencies may play a prominent role in the pathophysiology of ADHD. Magnesium, zinc, copper, iron, and Vitamin B6 appear to have substantial effects on ADHD symptoms.


Zinc deficiency represents one of the most-recognized micronutrient deficiencies linked to ADHD symptoms. With key roles in enzyme activation and neurotransmitter synthesis, zinc is critical for regulation of dopamine, norepinephrine, serotonin, and gamma aminobutyric acid (GABA).

Vitamin B6

In addition to supporting magnesium metabolism, pyridoxine (vitamin B6), as pyridoxal phosphate (PLP), has independently essential roles in the nervous system, energy production, neurotransmitter synthesis, heme production, and is critical for strong immune function and the inflammatory response (Ho et al., 2016; Rucklidge et al., 2017; Ueland et al., 2017).


At appropriate concentrations, iron is another essential cofactor in the enzymatic production of serotonin, norepinephrine, and dopamine (Rucklidge et al., 2017). Most reliably assessed by serum ferritin, low iron status is a significant but heterogeneous risk factor for ADHD.


Possibly the most crucial micronutrient for optimal brain performance, magnesium participates in virtually all enzyme reactions, nerve signal conduction, and in the function of dopamine and serotonin receptors. Magnesium also plays a key role in the excitation status of nerves through inhibition of excitatory glutamate receptors and promotion of GABA reception (Greenblatt, 2017). Deficiency of magnesium is identified in almost all cases of ADHD, and is widespread even in healthy populations (Moshfegh, A. et al., 2009).

Vitamin C

Vitamin C is a critical component of the antioxidant system. Heightened oxidative stress caused by chronic inflammation, heavy metal or other environmental exposures, and hyperexcited neurons place heavy demands on the brain’s antioxidant system.



I love how every week there’s some post that claims some correlation between a vitamin or mineral to ADHD.

It’s almost… almost… like essential daily vitamins and minerals are essential and when you don’t have them your brain doesn’t work right…

My point is that these things are presented almost as ‘breakthroughs’ in our understanding of underlying causes of attention diseases, when really it’s just the basics.

Here, let me give the best tips.

  1. Eat a varied diet that is mostly plants.
  2. Sleep at least 6 hours every night.
  3. Exercise in some form everyday, especially aerobic cardio.
  4. Take a multivitamin.
  5. Lay off the daily drug habit.
  6. Engage in some spiritual practice everyday.
  7. Get a hobby or learn something new everyday.
  8. Challenge your physical and mental capacities so they remain robust and grow.

Magnesium deficiency has a lot to do with the caffeine addiction most every 1st world person has… Interesting, it causes ADHD symptoms….

If mitochondria is in every single cell and it powers literally every single cell in the body, then why wouldn’t everyone’s diet focus on that?

Anyway….the key is and always has been POWERFUL antioxidants. Not low grade antioxidants powerful ones.

They keep talking about vitamin c as a strong antioxidant and it’s not, neither is vitamin E or beta Carotene, these are all not great antioxidants but they constantly use them for trials as if they are.

Because antioxidants the one your body produces on its own, and the ones you eat from fruits, vegetables, and plants, are the only things that can protect your cells, and neutralize “ROS” or free radicals. It’s literally their job.

And free radicals are the cause of all our problems. You can quote me on that, you can hang me from the banners, but my independent research points to that being the case, and my research points to science already completely knowing all of this.

Free radicals are acids, acid buildup damages the cells, destroys the mitochondria, and can lead to DNA damage which leads to most diseases.

Antioxidants give free radicals electrons so that they aren’t free radicals anymore, and they can go from hurting to helping the body, the more antioxidants you put in, the more you quell the buildup, and you go back to becoming balanced as far as ROS buildup vs antioxidant protection your body has, and you WILL feel the difference. Do your research and you’ll become a believer or access the shortcut by booking a consultation.



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